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Differences between the Molecular Mechanisms Underlying-Ruptured and Non-Ruptured Carotid Plaques, and the Significance of ABCA1

Title
Differences between the Molecular Mechanisms Underlying-Ruptured and Non-Ruptured Carotid Plaques, and the Significance of ABCA1
Author
고성호
Keywords
Carotid arteries; Plaque; ABCA1; Rupture; Proteomics; Biomarkers
Issue Date
2018-01
Publisher
KOREAN STROKE SOC
Citation
JOURNAL OF STROKE, v. 20, no. 1, page. 80-91
Abstract
Background and Purpose Carotid plaques are a strong risk factor for ischemic stroke, and plaque rupture poses an even higher risk. Although many studies have investigated the pathogenic mechanisms of carotid plaque formation, few have studied the differences in molecular mechanisms underlying the rupture and non-rupture of carotid plaques. In addition, since early diagnosis and treatment of carotid plaque rupture are critical for the prevention of ischemic stroke, many studies have sought to identify the important target molecules involved in the rupture. However, a target molecule critical in symptomatic ruptured plaques is yet to be identified.Methods A total of 79 carotid plaques were consecutively collected, and microscopically divided into ruptured and non-ruptured groups. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction array, proteomics, and immunohistochemistry were performed to compare the differences in molecular mechanisms between ruptured and non-ruptured plaques. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure the differences in ATP-binding cassette subfamily A member 1 (ABCA1) levels in the serum.Results The expression of several mRNAs and proteins, including ABCA1, was higher in ruptured plaques than non-ruptured plaques. In contrast, the expression of other proteins, including beta-actin, was lower in ruptured plaques than non-ruptured plaques. The increased expression of ABCA1 was consistent across several experiments, ABCA1 was positive only in the serum of patients with symptomatic ruptured plaques.Conclusions This study introduces a plausible molecular mechanism underlying carotid plaque rupture, suggesting that ABCA1 plays a role in symptomatic rupture. Further study of ABCA1 is needed to confirm this hypothesis.
URI
https://www.j-stroke.org/journal/view.php?doi=10.5853/jos.2017.02390http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/116922
ISSN
2287-6391; 2287-6405
DOI
10.5853/jos.2017.02390
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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