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Alteration of Tight Junction Protein Expression in Dahl Salt-Sensitive Rat Kidney

Title
Alteration of Tight Junction Protein Expression in Dahl Salt-Sensitive Rat Kidney
Author
박준성
Keywords
Claudin-4; Dahl salt-sensitive rats; Hypertension; Occludin; Pressure natriuresis
Issue Date
2017-11
Publisher
KARGER
Citation
KIDNEY & BLOOD PRESSURE RESEARCH, v. 42, no. 6, page. 951-960
Abstract
Background/Aims: Altered pressure natriuresis is an important mechanism of hypertension, but it remains elusive at the molecular level. We hypothesized that in the kidney, tight junctions (TJs) may have a role in pressure natriuresis because paracellular NaCl transport affects interstitial hydrostatic pressure. Methods: To assess the association of salt-sensitive hypertension with altered renal TJ protein expression, Dahl salt-sensitive (SS) and salt-resistant (SR) rats were put on an 8% NaCl-containing rodent diet for 4 weeks. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and urine NaCl excretion were measured weekly, and kidneys were harvested for immunoblotting and quantitative PCR analysis at the end of the animal experiments. Results: SBP was significantly higher in SS rats than in SR rats during the first to fourth weeks of the animal experiments. During the first and second week, urinary NaCl excretion was significantly lower in SS rats as compared with SR rats. However, the difference between the two groups vanished at the third and fourth weeks. In the kidney, claudin-4 protein and mRNA were significantly increased in SS rats as compared with SR rats. On the other hand, occludin protein and mRNA were significantly decreased in SS rats as compared with SR rats. The expression of claudin-2, claudin-7, and claudin-8 did not vary significantly between the two groups. Conclusions: In SS rats, SS hypertension was associated with differential changes in renal TJ protein expression. Both upregulation of claudin-4 and downregulation of occludin might increase paracellular NaCl transport in the kidney, resulting in impaired pressure natriuresis in SS rats. (c) 2017 The Author(s) Published by S. Karger AG, Basel
URI
https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/485332http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/116119
ISSN
1420-4096; 1423-0143
DOI
10.1159/000485332
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COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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