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Depressive Symptoms and Quality of Life in Age-related Macular Degeneration Based on Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)

Title
Depressive Symptoms and Quality of Life in Age-related Macular Degeneration Based on Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)
Author
성민철
Keywords
Age-related macular degeneration; Depression; Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey; Quality of life
Issue Date
2017-10
Publisher
대한안과학회
Citation
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology, v. 31, no. 5, page. 412-423
Abstract
Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the depressive symptoms and quality of life (QOL) in patientswith age-related macular degeneration (AMD) using data obtained from the Korea National Health and NutritionalExamination Survey V-2 (KNHANES V-2) conducted in 2011.Methods: This was a population-based, cross-sectional study that selected 329 participants from the fifth KNHANES(2011) who were diagnosed with AMD by an ophthalmologist based on fundus photography. The prevalenceof depressive symptoms and the health-related QOL (using EuroQol indices) in this cohort were alsoestimated. Factors associated with depressive symptoms, including socioeconomic status, QOL indices, andassociated chronic diseases, were investigated using multivariate regression models.Results: Depressive symptoms were observed more frequently in AMD patients than in non-AMD controls (p= 0.013). Among the total 329 AMD participants, 65 (19.8%) had depressive symptoms. There were 16 males(24.6%) and 49 females (75.4%). Upon multivariate analysis, significant factors found to be associated with depressivesymptoms were female gender (odds ratio [OR], 2.082; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.001 to 4.330),being in the “dependent” group for activities of daily living (OR, 4.638; 95% CI, 2.061 to 10.435), and having“some problems” in the “anxiety-depression” dimension of the EQ-5D (OR, 7.704; 95% CI, 1.890 to 31.408).Conclusions: Female gender and being dependent on others for activities of daily living increased the associationof depressive symptoms in this cohort of AMD participants. Screening for depressive symptoms in EastAsian AMD patients with these characteristics should be an important component of their care.
URI
https://ekjo.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3341/kjo.2016.0086http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/116010
ISSN
1011-8942; 2092-9382
DOI
10.3341/kjo.2016.0086
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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