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Current status of indwelling urinary catheter utilization and catheter-associated urinary tract infection throughout hospital wards in Korea: A multicenter prospective observational study

Title
Current status of indwelling urinary catheter utilization and catheter-associated urinary tract infection throughout hospital wards in Korea: A multicenter prospective observational study
Author
김지은
Keywords
CARE
Issue Date
2017-10
Publisher
PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
Citation
PLOS ONE, v. 12, no. 10, Article no. e0185369
Abstract
To evaluate the frequency and appropriateness of indwelling urinary catheters (IUC) use and the incidence of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CA-UTI), and explore the risk factors for CA-UTI in hospitals as a whole, we conducted a study. This study was divided into two parts; a point-prevalence study on Dec 12th 2012 and a prospective cohort study from Dec 13th 2012 to Jan 9th 2013 were performed in six hospitals in Korea. All hospitalized patients with newly-placed IUCs were enrolled and monitored weekly for 28 days after IUC placement. In the point-prevalence study, the IUCs were present in median 14.9/100 hospitalized patients (1Q 14, 3Q 16) across the six hospitals. In the prospective cohort study, the median IUC-days per patient was 5 (1Q 3, 3Q 10) and the median CA-UTI prevalence per 1,000 catheter days was 1.9 (1Q 0.7, 3Q 3.8) with significant inter-hospital variation. The proportion of patients with inappropriate IUC maintenance increased with number of IUC-days (8.5% on day 7, 9.4% on day 14, 16.3% on day 21, and 23.1% on day 28). Urinary output monitoring (23/36, 63.9%) was the most common indication for inappropriate use after 1 week of ICU placement. In multivariate analysis, IUC-days was significantly associated with the development of CA-UTI (odds ratio 1.122, 95% confidence interval 1.074-1.173, P < 0.001). IUC-days and CA-UTI rates vary between hospitals. IUC-days is a risk factor for CA-UTI, and is correlated with inappropriate use.
URI
https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0185369http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/115894
ISSN
1932-6203
DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0185369
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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