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Survival and prognostic factors in patients with connective tissue disease-associated pulmonary hypertension diagnosed by echocardiography: results from a Korean nationwide registry

Title
Survival and prognostic factors in patients with connective tissue disease-associated pulmonary hypertension diagnosed by echocardiography: results from a Korean nationwide registry
Author
유대현
Keywords
connective tissue disease; pulmonary hypertension; survival; systemic lupus erythematosus; systemic sclerosis
Issue Date
2017-09
Publisher
WILEY
Citation
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RHEUMATIC DISEASES, v. 20, no. 9, page. 1227-1236
Abstract
ObjectivesPulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a major cause of mortality in connective tissue disease (CTD). The survival rates and mortality-predictive factors of a nationwide registry of Korean patients with CTD-PH measured by echocardiography were determined. MethodsPatients with CTD-PH were enrolled between April 2008 and December 2012. Hemodynamic parameters and clinical data (WHO-functional class [FC], organ involvement, laboratory tests and treatment agents) were recorded. Survival rates were calculated by using the Kaplan-Meier method. Mortality-associated factors were examined by Cox proportional hazards regression analysis. ResultsIn total, 174 incident PH cases (61 with systemic lupus erythematosus, 50 with systemic sclerosis, 10 with mixed CTD, 22 with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and 31 with other CTDs) were diagnosed by Doppler echocardiography. Of these, 25 (14%) died during the 3.82.7year follow-up period after PH diagnosis. The 1- and 3-year survival rates were 90.7% and 87.3%, respectively. Compared to the other CTD-PHs, RA-PH had the lowest survival rates (56% 3year survival; P=0.022). Multiple regression analysis revealed that low diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide (DLCO), pleural effusion and diabetes mellitus were poor prognostic factors (P=0.008, 0.04 and 0.009, respectively). Anti-UI-RNP (ribonucleoprotein) antibody positivity was protective (P=0.022). In patients with WHO-FC III/IV, patients who received vasodilators had lower mortality than those who did not (P=0.038). ConclusionsIn Korean patients with CTD-PH, the 3-year survival rate was 87%. Low diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide (DLCO), pleural effusion and diabetes mellitus were independent poor prognostic factors. Anti-UI-RNP antibody was protective. Prompt PAH-specific vasodilator therapy may improve the survival of patients with severe CTD-PH.
URI
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1756-185X.12645http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/115498
ISSN
1756-1841; 1756-185X
DOI
10.1111/1756-185X.12645
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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