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MEDIA EXPOSURE AND REGIME SUPPORT UNDER COMPETITIVE AUTHORITARIANISM: EVIDENCE FROM SOUTH KOREA

Title
MEDIA EXPOSURE AND REGIME SUPPORT UNDER COMPETITIVE AUTHORITARIANISM: EVIDENCE FROM SOUTH KOREA
Author
송병권
Keywords
competitive authoritarianism; media control; radio; newspaper; Korea; Park Chung Hee
Issue Date
2017-06
Publisher
CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS
Citation
JOURNAL OF EAST ASIAN STUDIES, v. 17, no. 2, page. 145-166
Abstract
This study explores whether and how exposure to mass media affects regime support in competitive authoritarian regimes. Using geographical and temporal variation in newspaper circulation and radio signal strength in South Korea under Park Chung Hee's competitive authoritarian rule (1961-1972), we find that greater exposure to media was correlated with more opposition to the authoritarian incumbent, but only when the government's control of the media was weaker. When state control of the media was stronger, the correlation between media exposure and regime support disappeared. Through a content analysis of newspaper articles, we also demonstrate that the regime's tighter media control is indeed associated with pro-regime bias in news coverage. These findings from the South Korean case suggest that the liberalizing effect of mass media in competitive authoritarian regimes is conditional on the extent of government control over the media.
URI
https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-east-asian-studies/article/media-exposure-and-regime-support-under-competitive-authoritarianism-evidence-from-south-korea/5DC41D5BAD06D83F3450564DB6BC7EB9http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/114377
ISSN
1598-2408; 2234-6643
DOI
10.1017/jea.2016.41
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF POLICY SCIENCE[S](정책과학대학) > POLICY STUDIES(정책학과) > Articles
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