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Electronically tuned sulfonamide-based probes with ultra-sensitivity for Ga3+ or Al3+ detection in aqueous solution

Title
Electronically tuned sulfonamide-based probes with ultra-sensitivity for Ga3+ or Al3+ detection in aqueous solution
Author
채필석
Keywords
N,N-bis-(hydroxyethyl)ethylenediamine; Naphthalenedimide; 1,8-Naphthalimide; Pyrene sulfonamides; Aggregation-induced emission; Photo-induced electron transfer
Issue Date
2017-03
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
ANALYTICA CHIMICA ACTA, v. 958 , page. 38-50
Abstract
Three electronically tuned fluorescent probes (1-3) were synthesized by conjugating a fluorescent unit to N,N-bis-(hydroxyethyl)ethylenediamine. Probe 1 bearing an electron-deficient naphthalenedimide unit did not give a fluorescence response to the presence of various metal ions including monovalent metal ions (Na+, K+, and Ag+), divalent metal ions (Ca2+, Cd2+, Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Hg2+, Pb2+, and Zn2+) and trivalent metal ions (Al3+, Ga3+, Fe3+, and Cr3+) in an aqueous solution. By contrast, probes 2 and 3 possessing 1,8-naphthalimide and pyrene fluorophores, respectively, exhibited selective fluorescent "OFF-ON" behaviors as a result of Ga3+/Al3+ binding among the diverse metal ions, suggesting the importance of fluorophore electronic character with regard to metal ion sensing. The ethylenediamine analog of probe 3, corresponding to probe 4, was unable to yield a significant change in fluorescence intensity in the presence of any metal ions tested here, revealing the essential role of two hydroxyl groups for metal ion binding. A high association constant of Ka = 2.99 x 10(5) M-1 was obtained for probe 3 with Ga3+, with a limit of detection (LOD) of 10 nM. This LOD is the lowest value known for Ga3+ detection using chemical sensors. Along with an increase in aggregate sizes, PET suppression of probes upon metal ion binding was the primary contributor to the enhancement in fluorescence emission necessary for the sensitive detection of the target ions. The probe-metal ion complexes were fully characterized via TEM, FE-SEM, H-1 NMR, fluorescence spectroscopy techniques and DFT calculations. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003267016315069?via%3Dihubhttp://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/113131
ISSN
0003-2670; 1873-4324
DOI
10.1016/j.aca.2016.12.032
Appears in Collections:
GRADUATE SCHOOL[S](대학원) > BIONANOTECHNOLOGY(바이오나노학과) > Articles
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