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Nickel affects gill and muscle development in oriental fire-bellied toad (Bombina orientalis) embryos

Title
Nickel affects gill and muscle development in oriental fire-bellied toad (Bombina orientalis) embryos
Author
계명찬
Keywords
Nickel; Embryonic toxicity; Muscle; Myogenesis; Bombina orientalis
Issue Date
2017-01
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
AQUATIC TOXICOLOGY, v. 182, page. 67-78
Abstract
The developmental toxicity of nickel was examined in the embryos of Bombina orientalis, a common amphibian in Korea. Based on a standard frog embryo teratogenesis assay, the LC50 and EC50 for malformation of nickel after 168 h of treatment were 33.8 mu M and 5.4 mu M, respectively. At a lethal concentration (100 mu M), nickel treatment decreased the space between gill filaments and caused epithelial swelling and abnormal fusion of gill filaments. These findings suggest that nickel affects the functional development of gills, leading to embryonic death. At sublethal concentrations (1-10 mu M), nickel produced multiple embryonic abnormalities, including bent tail and tail dysplasia. At 10 mu M, nickel significantly decreased tail length and tail muscle fiber density in tadpoles, indicating inhibition of myogenic differentiation. Before hatching, the pre-muscular response to muscular response stages (stages 26-31) were the most sensitive period to nickel with respect to tail muscle development. During these stages, MyoD mRNA was upregulated, whereas myogenic regulatory factor 4 mRNA was downregulated by 0.1 mu M nickel. Calcium-dependent kinase activities in muscular response stage embryos were significantly decreased by nickel, whereas these activities were restored by exogenous calcium. In tadpoles, 10 mu M nickel significantly decreased the expression of the myosin heavy chain and the 12/101 muscle marker protein in the tail. Expression was restored by exogenous calcium. Our results indicate that nickel affects muscle development by disrupting calcium-dependent myogenesis in developing B. orientalis embryos. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166445X16303332?via%3Dihubhttp://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/112404
ISSN
0166-445X; 1879-1514
DOI
10.1016/j.aquatox.2016.11.011
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF NATURAL SCIENCES[S](자연과학대학) > LIFE SCIENCE(생명과학과) > Articles
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