Overwork‐related disorders and recent improvement of national policy in South Korea
- Overwork‐related disorders and recent improvement of national policy in South Korea
- overwork; working hours; cerebro-cardiovascular disease; mental disorder; suicide
- Issue Date
- JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, v. 61, NO 4, Page. 288-296
- Objectives: Recently, overwork-related disorders have become a major public health concern in Korea. This study investigated the current trends of working hours, causes of death in the working population, and compensation rates.
Methods: We reviewed the current trends of working hours, cause of death statistics in the working population, industrial accident compensation insurance (IACI) statistics, issues of compensation and prevention of work-related cerebro-cardio vascular diseases (CCVDs), mental disorders, and suicide.
Results: Although weekly working hours and the proportion of long working days have decreased, workers in small companies with fewer than five employees and those in the service sector continue to work long hours. The age standardized mortality due to CCVD and suicide was highest among those with managerial roles. In total, 589 CCVD cases and 104 mental disorder or suicide cases were compensated as occupational diseases in 2017. Between 2016 and 2017, 61% of 59 compensated suicides were related to overwork, specifically: long working hours, increased responsibility, or increased workload. The Korean government has introduced various policies to reduce working hours and to increase compensation approval rate for overwork-related CCVDs. Stakeholders have called for the introduction of independent laws to prevent overwork-related disorders, change organizational culture, and address the blind spots of the IACI Act and Labor Standard Act.
Conclusions: Prevention and compensation policies have improved working conditions in Korea, but there remains much to be done. This review significantly contributes to the understanding of the overall policies and research to prevent overwork-related disorders in Korea.
- 1341-9145; 1348-9585
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- COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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