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Pleckstrin homology domains of phospholipase C-gamma1 directly interact with beta-tubulin for activation of phospholipase C-gamma1 and reciprocal modulation of beta-tubulin function in microtubule assembly

Title
Pleckstrin homology domains of phospholipase C-gamma1 directly interact with beta-tubulin for activation of phospholipase C-gamma1 and reciprocal modulation of beta-tubulin function in microtubule assembly
Author
이영한
Issue Date
2005-02
Publisher
AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC
Citation
JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, v. 280, No. 8, Page. 6897-6905
Abstract
Phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C-gamma1 (PLC-gamma1) has two pleckstrin homology (PH) domains, an N-terminal domain and a split PH domain. Here we show that pull down of NIH3T3 cell extracts with PLC-gamma1 PH domain-glutathione S-transferase fusion proteins, followed by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight-mass spectrometry, identified beta-tubulin as a binding protein of both PLC-gamma1 PH domains. Tubulin is a main component of microtubules and mitotic spindle fibers, which are composed of alpha- and beta-tubulin heterodimers in all eukaryotic cells. PLC-gamma1 and beta-tubulin colocalized in the perinuclear region in COS-7 cells and cotranslocated to the plasma membrane upon agonist stimulation. Membrane-targeted translocation of depolymerized tubulin by agonist stimulation was also supported by immunoprecipitation analyses. The phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) hydrolyzing activity of PLC-gamma1 was substantially increased in the presence of purified tubulin in vitro, whereas the activity was not promoted by bovine serum albumin, suggesting that beta-tubulin activates PLC-gamma1. Furthermore, indirect immunofluorescent microscopy showed that PLC-gamma1 was highly concentrated in mitotic spindle fibers, suggesting that PLC-gamma1 is involved in spindle fiber formation. The effect of PLC-gamma1 in microtubule formation was assessed by overexpression and silencing PLC-gamma1 in COS-7 cells, which resulted in altered microtubule dynamics in vivo. Cells overexpressing PLC-gamma1 showed higher microtubule densities than controls, whereas PLC-gamma1 silencing with small interfering RNAs led to decreased microtubule network densities as compared with control cells. Taken together, our results suggest that PLC-gamma1 and beta-tubulin transmodulate each other, i.e. that PLC-gamma1 modulates microtubule assembly by beta-tubulin, and beta-tubulin promotes PLC-gamma1 activity.
URI
http://www.jbc.org/content/280/8/6897.shorthttp://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/110159
ISSN
0021-9258
DOI
10.1074/jbc.M406350200
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND CONVERGENCE TECHNOLOGY[E](과학기술융합대학) > ETC
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