Combined delivery of curcumin and the heme oxygenase-1 gene using cholesterol-conjugated polyamidoamine for anti-inflammatory therapy in acute lung injury
- Combined delivery of curcumin and the heme oxygenase-1 gene using cholesterol-conjugated polyamidoamine for anti-inflammatory therapy in acute lung injury
- Acute lung injury; Curcumin; Gene delivery; Gene therapy; Polymeric micelle
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER GMBH
- PHYTOMEDICINE, v. 56, Page. 165-174
- Background: Acute lung injury (ALI) is an inflammatory lung disease with a high mortality rate. In this study, combined delivery of the anti-inflammatory compound curcumin and the heme-oxygenase-1 (HO-1) gene using cholesterol-conjugated polyamidoamine was evaluated in a mouse model as a therapeutic option for ALI.
Methods: Curcumin was loaded into cholesterol-conjugated polyamidoamine (PamChol) micelles, and curcumin-loaded PamChol (PamChol-Cur) was then complexed with plasmid DNA (pDNA) through charge interactions. The pDNA/PamChol-Cur complex was physically characterized by dynamic light scattering, gel retardation, and heparin competition assay. Gene delivery efficiency was measured by luciferase assay. The HO-1 expression plasmid (pHO-1)/PamChol-Cur complex was administrated into the ALI model via intratracheal injection. The anti-inflammatory effect of the pDNA/PamChol-Cur complex was evaluated by ELISA, immunohistochemistry, and hematoxylin and eosin staining.
Results: The pDNA/PamChol-Cur complex had a size of approximately 120 nm with a positive surface charge. The in vitro plasmid DNA (pDNA) delivery efficiency of the pDNA/PamChol-Cur complex into L2 lung epithelial cells was higher than that of pDNA/PamChol. In addition, the curcumin in the pDNA/PamChol-Cur complex inhibited the nuclear translocation of NF-KB, suggesting an anti-inflammatory effect of curcumin. In the ALI animal model, the pHO-1/PamChol-Cur complex delivered the pHO-1 gene more efficiently than pHO-1/PamChol. In addition, the pHO-1/PamChol-Cur complex showed greater anti-inflammatory effects by reducing anti-inflammatory cytokine levels more than delivery of pHO-1/PamChol or PamChol-Cur only.
Conclusion: The pHO-1/PamChol-Cur complex had a higher pHO-1 gene-delivery efficiency and greater anti-inflammatory effects than the pHO-1/PamChol complex or PamChol-Cur. Therefore, the combined delivery of curcumin and pHO-1 using PamChol-Cur may be useful for treatment of ALI.
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