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민간건축물 안전점검 대가실태와 개선대책에 관한 고찰

Title
민간건축물 안전점검 대가실태와 개선대책에 관한 고찰
Other Titles
A Study on the actual cost state and improvement in private building Safety Inspections
Author
유세준
Alternative Author(s)
You, Se Jun
Advisor(s)
최창식
Issue Date
2019. 8
Publisher
한양대학교
Degree
Master
Abstract
1995년 1월 5일 안전점검 및 유지관리에 관한 업무를 체계화하는 내용이 포함한 “시설물 안전관리에 관한 특별법”이 제정된 이후, 점진적인 개정을 통해 현재의 “시설물의 안전 및 유지관리에 관한 특별법”으로 변경되어 일정규모 이상의 시설물에 대해서는 지속적인 점검 및 유지관리가 의무적으로 이뤄지고 있으나, 민간건축물의 경우, 실제 점검대가가 설계대가에 현저히 미치지 못하는 수준의 점검이 이뤄지고 있는 실정이다. 본 연구는 안전점검 대가 개선방안에 대한 기초적 연구로서, 특히 민간건축물에 대한 안전점검 실행대가 사례분석을 통해 문제점 및 개선방안을 제안하는데 그 목적이 있다. 25개의 표본에서 대가실태를 분석한 결과, 정기안전점검의 경우, 법적 대가대비 실행대가는 11.26%~27.33%, 평균 16.42%, 정밀안전점검의 경우, 18.61%~69.43%, 평균 37.96% 수준으로 대상물별로 편차는 있으나 설계대가에는 현저히 미치지 못하는 수준으로 분석되었다. 이는 동종업체와의 무분별한 수주경쟁 및 과열에 따른 저가수주, 관리주체의 안전점검 및 유지관리계획에 대한 의식부재로 인한 예산 미확보, 일정한 주기로 실시되는 반복적인 점검으로 인해 형식적인 점검이라는 인식 등이 실행대가에 반영되는 것으로 판단된다. 저가수주는 곧 부실점검 및 보고서의 품질저하로 귀결되므로 이러한 관행이 지속될 경우, 구조물의 안전을 담보할 수 없고, 예산의 낭비를 초래한다. 따라서 민간건축물의 안전점검 실행대가가 설계대가 수준에 근접하기 위해서는 첫째, 점검기관의 덤핑수주 금지 또는 민간건축물에 대한 별도의 대가기준 마련, 둘째, 관리주체의 예산확보 의무화, 셋째, 점검 및 진단주기에 대한 탄력적 운영 등의 제도화 개선, 넷째 행정적 처벌 강화 등이 필요할 것으로 판단된다.
After “specialized law regarding facilities’ safety inspection” was established in january first 1995, the following law has currently revised as “specialized law regarding facilities’ safety and maintenance inspection” and made sure of consistent examination of facilities over certain scale. However, for privately owned buildings, safety inspection cost is remained way under the structural planning cost. This study is a fundamental research about improving safety inspection cost, and is especially aimed for suggesting potential solutions by inspecting safety check cost spent on privately owned buildings. Analysis on actual safety inspection cost of 25 sample cases showed that regualy safety inspection cost was 11.26%~27.33% and averaged 16.42%. For precise safety inspection cost, it was 18.61%~69.43% and averaged 37.96%, which showed minute difference among structures but highly failed to achieve planning cost line. It is concluded that practice cost is influenced by excessive order competition between similar enterprises, cheaper orders caused by extreme competition, administration’s failure of securing budgets due to its lack of awareness and distorted perception of safety inspection as something much formal. Since cheaper orders lead to poor safety inspection and low quality reports, continuance of such practices cannot guarantee safety of structures and may cause waste of budget. To sum up, there exist four ways for safety inspection cost to come close to level of planning cost. First, dumping orders of examination agencies need to be banned and seperate cost standard for privately owned buildings should be setted. Secondly, administration’s acquirance of budgets should be mandatorized. Thirdly, safety inspection policies and their examination frequencies need to be improved. Finally, administrative punishments should be strengthened. This study analyzes the case of safety inspections conducted from 2017 to 2018 and compares the planning cost with the execution cost, and suggests the current situation and improvement direction of the safety inspection cost of the current private buildings. However, it was somewhat difficult to generalize the problem of the current cost of the inspection at 25 sites (20 regular safety inspections, 5 precision safety inspections) used for analysis. Therefore, in order to generalize the problems and to improve them, it is necessary to increase the number of survey samples and items, and various surveys are required, and further surveys and meetings should be conducted.
URI
http://dcollection.hanyang.ac.kr/common/orgView/000000110014http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/109440
Appears in Collections:
GRADUATE SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING[S](공학대학원) > ARCHITECTURAL, CIVIL AND LANDSCAPE ENGINEERING(건축ㆍ토목ㆍ조경공학과) > Theses (Master)
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