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Reliable quantification of trace diarrhetic shellfish poisoning toxins in high-lipid bivalves by UHPLC-ESI-MS/MS in time segment polarity switching mode: Comparison of three extraction methods

Title
Reliable quantification of trace diarrhetic shellfish poisoning toxins in high-lipid bivalves by UHPLC-ESI-MS/MS in time segment polarity switching mode: Comparison of three extraction methods
Author
유혜현
Keywords
High-lipid bivalves; Diarrhetic toxins; Freezing-lipid filtration; Mobile phase aging; Time segment polarity switching; UHPLC-ESI-MS/MS
Issue Date
2018-09
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
MICROCHEMICAL JOURNAL, v. 143, Page. 441-449
Abstract
Analysis of marine biotoxins in high-lipid bivalves has several limitations due to the coexistence of lipid matrices, low biotoxin concentrations, and the different physiochemical properties of the various biotoxins. In this study, a sensitive and reliable method to simultaneously determine six diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP) toxins (five acidic and one neutral biotoxins) in oysters and mussels was developed based on UHPLC-MS/MS-multiple ion reaction monitoring (MRM) using time segment polarity switching. For effective sample pretreatment, three protocols including syringe filtration, Strata (TM)-X solid phase extraction (SPE), and freezing lipid filtration combined with SPE (FLF + SPE) were evaluated, and FLF + SPE method was shown to be the most effective with high lipid removal efficiency. Aging effects of the UHPLC mobile phase on MS detection sensitivity and retention time shift of DSP toxins were carefully examined. The developed method provided good recoveries ranging from 81.0 to 119.6%, showing no significant matrix effect and assay was linear with coefficients of determination above R-2 > 0.99 for all analytes. Validation tests using a certified reference material (CRM) and spiking DSP toxins (OA and DTX-1 at 1.07 mu g/g, and DTX-2 at 0.86 mu g/g) showed this method to be acceptable, with a relative standard deviation of < 0.17% and recovery ranging from 87.29 to 109.97%. Finally, the established method was successfully applied to quantify DSP toxins in 40 oyster and mussel samples collected from Korean fishery markets, ensuring sea food safety.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0026265X18304855http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/106174
ISSN
0026-265X; 1095-9149
DOI
10.1016/j.microc.2018.08.043
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF PHARMACY[E](약학대학) > PHARMACY(약학과) > Articles
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