北宋詞人秦觀被尊爲婉約派一代詞宗。 前人對秦觀及其詞的硏究雖然不在少數，但主要集中在對秦觀的生平性格和秦觀詞的藝術特色、手法、意境等方面。 筆者認爲通過深入文學作品本身理解和分析作品來發現作品的文學性能勾拓展作品的解讀視野，但要深入作品，科學合理地探討出作品本身的豊富意蘊，只有通過以文本爲唯一對象，重構作品的語言符號系統才能實現對文本的客觀解讀，這就需要運用符號學的理論來實現。 符號學爲文本的客觀闡釋提供了理論依据。 秦觀曾被蘇東坡稱爲“山抹微云君”，《滿庭芳》是秦觀詞中的代表。
本文選取秦觀詞中的四首《滿庭芳》，以符號學視角爲切入点對其進行了嘗試性的分析，以期爲解讀秦觀詞提供一個新的視角。 本文運用符號學的相關理論，首先對四首《滿庭芳》中的意象符號的內涵層面進行了分析，發現這四首《滿庭芳》中詞人選用的意象符號大多筆墨細?淡雅、少有重筆，帶有柔性質感，?們串連在一起使文本具有了柔麗凄婉的美學特質的同時使詞人的內在情感外化幷得到宣泄。 然后，本文對四首《滿庭芳》意象符號的組合特征進行了分析，主要從?們在組合軸上的空間構建、組合方式及全詞整體結構三個方面展開。
Northern Song Dynasty lyricist Qin Guan is revered as a master of Wan Yue Ci School（婉約派）. Previous studies on Qin Guan and his Ci-poetry are not few, but they are mainly focused on Qin Guan's life character and Qin Guan's artistic characteristics, techniques and artistic conception. I think that through the thorough understanding and analysis of text itself to find the literary nature of text can expand the scope of the interpretation of the work. Ｗe need to go deep into Ci-poetry to explore the rich meaning of the work scientifically and rationally. And by reconstructing the language symbol system of Ci-poetry We can realize the objective interpretation of Ci-poetry． This requires the application of the theory of semiotics. “Mantingfang” is representative of Qin Guan's Ci-poetry. This paper selects Qin Guan's “Mantingfang”, with a semiotic perspective as a starting point to make a tentative analysis on it, in order to provide a new perspective for the interpretation of Qin Guan's Ci-poetry.
Using the theory of semiotics, this paper first analyzes the connotation level of image symbols in “Mantingfang” ci, They are linked together to make the text have aesthetic characteristics of delicate, elegant, amorous, graceful and restrained beauty, with sensitivity and plaintiveness in feelings. At the same time, the inner feelings of the poet are externalized and released.
Then space construction, mode of combination and overall structure of the image symbol of “Mantingfang” ci were analyzed. And We found it brings to “Mantingfang” ci a vivid picture. At the same time, the whole work is made to form a radiation type to overall structure. That is, the inner emotion as the core, it is externalized by the combination of a series of external image symbol. External image symbol described at great length in front of the work provides the specific context to express inner feelings for the following. And in the last part, external poetic imagery depicted by the external image symbol is used as a knot. It echoes the emotional expression of the front and extends the ci poetic imagery(詞境) of whole Ci-poetry.
This paper uses the theory of semiotics, enter “Mantingfang” ci text inside, on which the image symbol's connotation and combination features were analyzed. And found that under the combined action of selection and combination, these image symbols were reconstructed and reorganized, forming great emotional tension and stimulating readers' emotional experience. Thus it leave the reader with an endless aftertaste.