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Predictors of chewing ability among community-residing older adults in Korea

Title
Predictors of chewing ability among community-residing older adults in Korea
Author
홍귀령
Keywords
chewing ability; cognition; depression; exercise
Issue Date
2017-01
Publisher
WILEY
Citation
GERIATRICS & GERONTOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, v. 17, no. 1, page. 78-84
Abstract
AimsDecreased chewing ability in older adults can lead to poor nutritional and physical conditions, and eventually death. The present study examined the relationships between chewing ability and related characteristics (e.g. health promotion habits, health status and functional status), and identified predictors of chewing ability in community-residing older adults.MethodsAmong the total of 11542 participants in the 2011 National Survey on Older Adults in Korea, data from 10543 participants were used for analysis. Chewing ability was evaluated using a self-report of chewing ability. Exercise ability was assessed by objective exercise ability and perceived exercise ability in both the upper and lower extremities. Depression and cognitive functions were measured using the Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form and the Mini-Mental State Examination, respectively.ResultsA total of 56.9% of participants had poor chewing abilities. After adjusting for age and sex, logistic regression analysis showed that depression (OR 1.76, 95% CI 1.60-1.92), cognitive impairment (OR 1.28, 95% CI 1.17-1.40), objective exercise ability (OR 1.24, 95% CI 1.11-1.41), regular exercise habits (OR 1.23, 95% CI 1.13-1.34), medical check-up history (OR 1.17, 95% CI 1.05-1.32), number of chronic diseases (OR 1.12, 95% CI 1.09-1.15) and perceived exercise ability in the lower extremities (OR 1.08, 95% CI 1.05-1.10) were significant predictors of chewing ability.ConclusionChewing ability in older adults should be improved in consideration of mental and general health condition. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2017; 17: 78-84.
URI
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/ggi.12677http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/105130
ISSN
1444-1586; 1447-0594
DOI
10.1111/ggi.12677
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF NURSING[S](간호학부) > NURSING(간호학부) > Articles
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