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Gene Mutations of 23S rRNA Associated with Clarithromycin Resistance in Helicobacter pylori Strains Isolated from Korean Patients

Title
Gene Mutations of 23S rRNA Associated with Clarithromycin Resistance in Helicobacter pylori Strains Isolated from Korean Patients
Author
이철훈
Keywords
Clarithromycin; gene mutations; Helicobacter pylori; primary isolates; resistance; secondary isolates
Issue Date
2008-09
Publisher
KOREAN SOC MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY
Citation
JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, v. 18, No. 9, Page. 1584-1589
Abstract
Although resistance of Helicobacter pylori to clarithromycin is a major cause of failure of eradication therapies, little information is available regarding gene mutations of clarithromycin-resistant primary and secondary H. pylori isolates in Korea. In the present study, we examined gene mutations of H. pylori 23S rRNA responsible for resistance to clarithromycin. DNA sequences of the 23S rRNA gene in 21 primary clarithromycin-resistant and 64 secondary clarithromycin-resistant strains were determined by PCR amplification and nucleotide sequence analyses. Two mutations of the 23S rRNA gene, A2143G and T2182C, were observed in primary clarithromycin-resistant isolates. In secondary isolates, dual mutation of A2143G+T2182C was frequently observed. In addition, A2143G+T2182C+ T2190C, A2143G+T2182C+C2195T, and A2143G+T2182C +A2223G were observed in secondary isolates. Furthermore, macrolide binding was tested on purified ribosomes isolated from T2182C or A2143C mutant strains with [C-14]erythromycin. Erythromycin binding increased in a dose-dependent manner for the susceptible strain but not for the mutant strains. These results indicate that secondary isolates show a greater variety of 23S rRNA gene mutation types than primary isolates, and triple mutations of secondary isolates are associated with A2143G+T2182C in H. pylori isolated from Korean patients.
URI
http://www.jmb.or.kr/journal/view.html?book=Journal&tops=&start=0&scale=50&key=all&key_word=&Vol=18&Num=9&PG=&year1=&year2=&sort=publish_Date+desc&aut_box=Y&sub_box=Y&sos_box=&key_box=&pub_box=Y&abs_box=&mod=vol&mnum=311&multi%5B%5D=313&multi%5B%5D=316&multi%5B%5D=309&multi%5B%5D=314&multi%5B%5D=321&multi%5B%5D=317&multi%5B%5D=315&multi%5B%5D=312&multi%5B%5D=2685&multi%5B%5D=325&multi%5B%5D=310&multi%5B%5D=323&multi%5B%5D=318&multi%5B%5D=319&multi%5B%5D=324&multi%5B%5D=311&multi%5B%5D=326&multi%5B%5D=327&multi%5B%5D=322&multi%5B%5D=320http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/104843
ISSN
1017-7825
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF PHARMACY[E](약학대학) > PHARMACY(약학과) > Articles
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