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Processing constraints on relative clauses in Korean as a foreign language

Title
Processing constraints on relative clauses in Korean as a foreign language
Author
이다미
Keywords
relative clauses; subject/object asymmetry; Korean as a second language
Issue Date
2008-05
Publisher
현대문법학회
Citation
현대문법연구, v. 51, Page. 129-152
Abstract
In both first and second language syntax, subject-relatives (SRCs) are easier than object-relatives (ORCs) to comprehend and produce in many cross-linguistically different languages, including English and Korean. By contrast, in Chinese, ORCs are easier than SRCs. This paper examines on-line processing data from the relative clauses in L2 Korean by L1 Chinese speakers. Because L1 (Chinese) and L2 (Korean) have different subject/object asymmetry of RC construction, observing how L2 learners process this construction will improve our understanding of how relative clauses are processed during second language acquisition. Four hypotheses on the processing of relative clauses are tested to evaluate which theories better predict the subject/object asymmetry in relative clauses in Korean and Chinese, languages with different typological descriptions. While the Noun Phrase Accessibility Hierarchy (NPAH) and the Structural Distance Hypothesis (SDH) are supported in Korean, the Canonical Word Order Hypothesis (CWOH) and the Linear Distance Hypothesis (LDH) are supported in Chinese. An online processing experiment was conducted and the results clearly showed that SRCs were easier to process than ORCs. In conclusion, this study suggests that the NPAH and the SDH, not the CWOH and the LDH, play prominent roles in the processing of relative clauses in Korean as a second language by Chinese learners.
URI
http://db.koreascholar.com/Article?code=335917http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/104502
ISSN
1226-3206
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF LANGUAGES & CULTURES[E](국제문화대학) > ENGLISH LANGUAGE & CULTURE(영미언어·문화학과) > Articles
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