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Conversation between Leaves of Grass and Thus Spoke Zarathustra

Title
Conversation between Leaves of Grass and Thus Spoke Zarathustra
Author
장정우
Keywords
Whitman; Nietzsche; Leaves of Grass; Thus Spoke Zarathustra; self-reliance; tradition; history
Issue Date
2016-12
Publisher
한국동서비교문학학회
Citation
동서비교문학저널, No. 38, Page. 195-214
Abstract
Seemingly there are no convergences between Walt Whitman and Friedrich Nietzsche because the former focuses on the common people or the masses while the latter is interested in a few elite. Whitman’s Leaves of Grass, however, shares a lot of similarities with Nietzsche’s Thus Spoke Zarathustra. It is interesting to notice that there are convergences between an American poet and a German philosopher of the 19th century. But it is not surprising that they yield some resemblance because they have been influenced by Ralph Waldo Emerson. It is very helpful to use Michel Foucault’s notion of history to connect Whitman and Nietzsche. According to Foucault, history is made of emerging events rather than inheritance of the past. Both Whitman and Nietzsche focus on the present rather than the past, arguing that we should obey the laws we have formulated for ourselves. They perceptively know that each individual has his own thought, and that each age should reformulate its own truth. We can notice parallels in their thought of and expression on self-reliance and their defiance of conventions and tradition. Whitman’s Leaves of Grass and Nietzsche’s Thus Spoke Zarathustra are also compared in terms of the body, divinity, the good and evil, death, woman, friendship, and the state to find out convergences and divergences between the two literary works.
URI
http://www.dbpia.co.kr/Journal/ArticleDetail/NODE07089320http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/103016
ISSN
1229-2745
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF LANGUAGES & CULTURES[E](국제문화대학) > ENGLISH LANGUAGE & CULTURE(영미언어·문화학과) > Articles
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