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과소지역의 지속가능성 탐색― 지역재생으로서 마니와(真庭)모델 ―

Title
과소지역의 지속가능성 탐색― 지역재생으로서 마니와(真庭)모델 ―
Other Titles
Seeking the systematic sustainability of depopulated areas - the Maniwa model as regional revitalization -
Author
전영수
Keywords
지역재생; 한계취락; 인적자본; 지역자본; 마니와; regional revitalization; depopulation areas; human capital; regional capital; maniwa
Issue Date
2016-11
Publisher
한국일본학회
Citation
일본학보, NO. 109, Page. 289-312
Abstract
또 하나의 차별로 불리는 도농격차가 심각한 사회문제로 부각됐다. 도시문제만큼 심각한 게 한계취락의 과소문제다. 과소지역이야말로 인구・산업・재정의 열등지역으로 전락했다. 지속가능성은 아주 낮아졌다. 해결책은 지역재생이다. 일본은 2015년부터 관점이 바뀐 지역재생에 착수했다. ‘중앙→지방’으로 한정재원을 나눠주고 있는데, 이 과정에서 마니와의 재생사업이 호평을 받았다. 마니와모델은 고정관념을 깼다. 국토균형발전론의 기본전제였던 행정자본과 금전자본보다 사람(인적자본+관계자본)과 내용(지역자본+사업자본)이 사업성패의 관건임을 증명했다. 본고는 마니와모델에서 한국적 교훈분석을 시도했다. 중앙권력의 지방이양, 지역인재의 교육양성, 지역자원의 관심발견 등이 그렇다. The disparity between urban and rural areas, which could be considered another form of discrimination, has emerged as a serious problem. The depopulation of rural villages is as serious as the urban problem, because depopulated areas are degraded and are inferior in terms of population, industry, and finance. These areas are not sustainable. The solution is regional revitalization. Following a change in viewpoint, Japan started a program of regional revitalization in 2015. This involves the distribution of limited resources from central to local authorities. These processes have attracted praise for revitalization based on the Maniwa model, which has destroyed people’s stereotypical views. Humans (human capital + relation capital) and content (regional capital + business capital) are the key to success for regional revitalization and management capital and finance capital and hold a major promise of balanced national development. This article has attempted to describe Korea’s implementation of the Maniwa model. This constitutes local empowerment as a consequence of decentralized power, an education system managed by regional human resources, and an impassioned discovery of regional resources.
URI
https://www.earticle.net/Article/A315639http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/100669
ISSN
1225-1453
Appears in Collections:
GRADUATE SCHOOL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES[S](국제학대학원) > GLOBAL SOCIAL ECONOMY(글로벌사회적경제학과) > Articles
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